Bosnia and Herzegovina is a country that has not been yet overrun with crowds of tourists, and subsequently much of its countryside is untouched and unexplored.
Bosnia and Herzegovina has three national parks:
Sutjeska National Park (Foča)
Established in 1962, it is Bosnia and Herzegovina’s oldest national park. It includes the highest peak of Maglić at over 2,386 metres, on the border with Montenegro. Perućica, one of the last two remaining primeval forests in Europe, is part of the park. It is a UNESCO recognized site. The forest has many trees that are more than 300 years old, and the primeval forest’s vintage is stated to be 20,000 years. The park is also famous as being the location of the Battle of the Sutjeska in 1943 during World War II.
Kozara National Park (Prijedor)
Situated in north-west part of Bosnia is Kozara. It was proclaimed a protected national forest in 1967. It is situated between the rivers Una, Sava, Sana and Vrbas on 33.75 square kilometers of dense forest and hilly meadows. It has earned the epithet ‘Green Beauty of Krajina’.
Kozara is a prominent hunting ground, with a large 180 square kilometers area of the park open to regulated hunting of deer, pheasants, foxes, boars, hares, and ducks.
A smaller part of the park is designated for nature lovers. Walking, hiking, biking and herb picking are among the many activities in Kozara.
Kozara was also a former battleground during World War II. Monument to the Revolution in Mrakovica, one of the peaks of the mountain Kozara is located within the park.
Una National Park (Bihać)
Una National Park was established in 2008 around the Una River and the Unac River. It is Bosnia and Herzegovina’s most recently established national park. The main purpose of the park is to protect the unspoiled Una and Unac rivers which run through it.
The Una’s waterfalls and white water rapids highlight the park. The most famous waterfalls are those at Martin Brod, where the popular “International Una Regatta” kayaking competition begins, and Štrbački Buk further downstream. Throughout the park, visitors can enjoy rafting, fishing, cycling, hiking, and camping. Largest waterfall on the Una river is Štrbački Buk, and is one of the main features in the Park.
Nature parks of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Hutovo Blato nature park (Čapljina)
Hutovo Blato is a nature reserve and bird reserve situated in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is essentially composed of marshlands that were created by the underground aquifer system of the Krupa River. The reserve is on the list of BirdLife International’s Important Bird Areas. It is the largest reserve of its kind in the region, in terms of both size and diversity. It is home to over 240 types of migratory birds. In the migration season, tens of thousands of birds fill the lake and its surroundings.
Since 1995, Hutovo Blato has been protected as a Hutovo Blato Nature Park and managed by a public authority. The entire area is protected from human impact and functions as an important habitat for many plants and animals. Historical site, Old Fortress Hutovo Blato, is situated in the territory of Nature Park.
Blidinje nature park
Blidinje is a Nature park in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is a spacious valley, 3–5 km long, between Čvrsnica and Vran mountains with a total area of 364 km². The park is situated among three towns of Posušje, Tomislavgrad and Jablanica. The most important hydrographic phenomena in the area of the park is largest mountain lake in Bosnia and Herzegovina – Blidinje lake. Blidinje lake is the direct result of a glacial retreat. Accompanying some of the rocky and seemingly lifeless slopes are thick forests of pine, including the endemic white-bark pine at Masna Luka called Pinus leucodermis (Bosnian pine). There is also a Franciscan monastery that is located within the park and open to visitors. Houses here are traditional shepherd homes with straw roofs that are mainly used during the spring and summer seasons. Winter is harsh and cold in these parts.
Other significant nature areas and parks
Kravice Falls (Mostar)
Vrelo Bosne (Sarajevo)
Neretva River (Mostar)
Pliva Waterfall (Jajce)
Vrbas River (Banja Luka)
Krupa Water Falls (Banja Luka)
Pliva Lakes (Jajce)
Olympic Center Jahorina (Jahorina)
Radoblja River (Mostar)
Vjetrenica Cave (Zavala)
Skakavac (Sarajevo Canton)
Vlasic Mountain (Travnik)
Bliha Waterfall (Sanski-Most)
Prokosko Lake (Fojnica)
Buna spring (Blagaj)
Nature park Tajan (Zavidovići)