Bosnia and Herzegovina inherited a rich cultural and historical heritage. It is based on the medieval, Ottoman, Austro-Hungarian buildings, places of worship of all ethnic groups in Bosnia and Herzegovina and rich literature, film and music opus.
Bosnia and Herzegovina has numerous cultural and historical monuments and cultural events, therefore the most visited tourist destinations are in the area of cultural tourism:
Sarajevo, capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina, with its numerous cultural, historical and religious monuments, as well as the different nations who live together for centuries in the city has conditions for the development of many types of tourism. Significant events and festivals take place every year in Sarajevo and attract large numbers of tourists: the Sarajevo Film Festival, International Festival “Sarajevo Winter”, Baščaršija Nights, International Theatre Festival “MESS” and numerous other cultural programs. Canton Sarajevo has 891 cultural heritage sites. In 1984 Sarajevo hosted the Winter Olympics, which testifies not only the sports and cultural friendship nurtured here.
Banja Luka is located in the western part of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is the second largest city in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the administrative center of the Republic of Srpska, and economic and cultural center of this part of the country.
Since the city is situated on the beautiful river Vrbas, this old village used to be called and Vrbas, and has been inhabited since Roman times. Kastel fortress, located in the center of the city, served as a Roman military fortress.
Banja Luka has many interesting places to visit thanks to its long and rich history: Cultural center Banski Dvor, Museum of the Bosnian Krajina, Ethnographic Museum, Museum of Contemporary Art. Banja Luka also has two city theaters: National and Children’s Theater. Every year many cultural and sport events are held in Banja Luka: “Summer on the Vrbas”, “Banjaluka summer”, etc.
Mostar is a city in the southern center of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the cultural and economic center of that part of country. The name of the city comes from the famous Old Bridge, the first cultural monument in Bosnia and Herzegovina on UNESCO’s list of protected cultural monuments of the world. The old bridge was destroyed during the last war, and was rebuilt in 2004.
Some of significant cultural monuments to visit are: Historical part of Mostar, the Old Bridge, the Museum of Herzegovina, house of the great Bosnian writer Aleksa Šantić, Turkey house in Bišćevića alley, the old settlement Brankovac, built in the Ottoman style with houses and courtyards of old Mostar family. Numerous cultural events are held such every year, such as Šantić’s poetry readings, Mostar spring, Mostar summer and the Mostar coots.